Contoh rencana studi LPDP

PROPOSAL KEGIATAN DAN RENCANA STUDI

(Mouhamad Bigwanto, SKM)

  1. 1.    Motivasi Melanjutkan Studi.

Sebagai pembuka, saya akan menjelaskan mengenai riwayat pendidikan. Saya adalah warga Negara Indonesia yang lahir di salah satu kampung di daerah Kabupaten Lebak, tanggal 17 Oktober 1987. Tempat saya dibesarkan adalah kampung seperti pada umumnya kampung-kampung di Indonesia ketika itu yang serba mempunyai keterbatasan akses. Kebanyakan orang tua di masyarakat Banten pada saat itu sangat mengimpikan anaknya menjadi seorang Kyai atau pemuka agama. Pada tahun 1999 orang tua saya mendaftarkan saya di lembaga pendidikan pesantren yaitu Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor sampai tahun 2005, banyak hal yang saya dapatkan dari lembaga pendidikan ini dan lembaga ini mempunyai andil yang cukup besar dalam membentuk kepribadian saya sampai sekarang. Setelah lulus dari Pondok saya melanjutkan studi sarjana di prodi kesehatan masyarakat UHAMKA dan mendapatkan gelar sarjana muda di bidang kesehatan masyarakat pada tahun 2010, dari sinilah saya memulai karir sebagai seorang tenaga kesehatan masyarakat.

Pada masa sekolah sampai dengan kuliah, saya selalu mengikuti organisasi kemahasiswaan, baik di dalam kampus/sekolah maupun luar kampus/sekolah. Prestasi organisasi yang saya banggakan sampai saat ini adalah mendirikan langsung sebuah sayap organisasi profesi Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI) pada tahun 2008 dan memimpinnya langsung setahun kemudian, organisasi tersebut dinamakan Pergerakan Anggota Muda IAKMI (PAMI). Selain itu, berbagai pertemuan tingkat nasional maupun internasional mengenai forum-forum kesehatan masyarakat pernah saya ikuti selama menjadi mahasiswa dan selama bekerja di bidang kesehatan masyarakat.

Sebagai generasi muda penerus bangsa yang sudah mempunyai cukup pengalaman bekerja selama kurang lebih tiga tahun dalam bidang kesehatan masyarakat, saya merasa perlu untuk menambah pengetahuan saya dengan cara melanjutkan studi di program magister manajemen pelayanan kesehatan primer sebagai tanggung jawab moral terhadap pembangunan kesehatan bangsa. Thailand adalah negara di asia yang mempunyai berbagai prestasi bagus dalam mencapai program Millenium Development Goals (MDGS), diantaranya Thailand berhasil mengurangi angka kematian rata-rata pertahun sebesar 8.5 % dalam kurun waktu tahun 1990-2006 jauh melampaui capaian Indonesia yang hanya bisa mereduksi sebesar 6.2 % per tahun (Rohde et al. Lancet 2008).

Selain pencapaian berbagai program MDGS, berbagai program kesehatan masyarakat dalam bentuk promotif dan preventif di negara tersebut merupakan program yang cukup berhasil di Asia Tenggara, salah satunya adalah program penanggulangan dampak produk tembakau dengan cara menerapkan pajak tinggi bagi produk tembakau dan peringatan bergambar dalam bungkus rokok. Berbagai pencapaian tersebut tidak lepas dari peran institusi pendidikan dalam mencetak tenaga ahli kesehatan masyarakat, salah satunya adalah Mahidol University yang merupakan salah satu Universitas yang termasuk dalam Top 100 Universitas di Asia (Ranking 61) menurut THE World University Rankings (www.timeshighereducation.co.uk).

Pendidikan merupakan hal yang mendasar dalam upaya membangun kesehatan, karena dari pendidikan dihasilkan tenaga kesehatan yang handal dan professional.  Karena itu saya sangat mendambakan menjadi seorang pendidik yang bisa mencerdaskan anak bangsa sekaligus menyehatkan masyarakat Indonesia.

  1. 2.    Rencana Studi

Selama belajar di program studi kesehatan masyarakat saya banyak mempelajari berbagai hal mengenai ilmu sosial, ilmu eksakta dan juga ilmu terapan yang berbasis kesehatan masyarakat. Dalam rangka menyelesaikan pendidikan sarjana strata 1, saya ketika itu menulis skripsi dengan judul Analisis Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku pelajar kelas 5 dan 6 di SD Muhammadiyah No. 16 Bukit Duri pasca banjir di sekitar sungai Ciliwung Tahun 2010 dan mendapatkan nilai A.

Setelah diterima menjadi mahasiswa program pasca sarjana manajemen pelayanan kesehatan primer, saya tertarik untuk meneliti mengenai potensi missing link dalam pelayanan kesehatan di Puskesmas. Puskesmas yang selama ini menjadi garda terdepan pelayanan kesehatan primer masih banyak memiliki kekurangan dalam hal pelayanan, dan saya tertarik mengungkapkan potensi missing link yang terjadi pada pelayanan primer untuk remaja karena selama ini program remaja di Puskesmas masih dianggap sebagai program pelengkap dan terkesan seadanya.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 3.    Pre Proposal Thesis :

Missing Link Potential of Services in Community Health Centers (Puskesmas) :

Effectiveness of Adolescent Health Care Program in Community Health Centers

District Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta

  1. Introduction
  2. Background

Health is the essential human right, and agreed upon by various countries as contained in the universal declaration of human rights (UN, 1948). Accordingly in Indonesia, the statement also contained in the 4th amendment Constitution of 1945 in article 28H which states those everyone has the right to live in prosperity, to get a good and healthy environment, and obtain proper health care. Furthermore, in Chapter XIV about the national economy, the state is responsible for providing health facilities to the public (Republik Indonesia, 2002). Those things are also in line with the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2005 on the ratification the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights (Republik Indonesia, 2005). Learn the things mentioned above, that the state should be present in the sectors of health and health services is ‘public goods’.

The population of Indonesia in 2010 reached 237.6 million, 26.67 percent were adolescent (BPS, 2010). The amount of adolescent population will affect the development of social, economic and demographic. Adolescent population (10-24 year olds) needs serious attention becouse included in the school age and working age, they are at risk for reproductive health problems such as premarital sexual behavior, abuse of Narcotics, Psychotropic and Other Addictive aubstances (NAPZA) and HIV AIDS (BKKBN, 2011). Adolescence is a period of physical changes, mental and socio-economic, therefore in the future adolescent need attention (WHO, 1975). The Indonesian Medium Term Development Plan (RPJM) 2004-2009, Adolescent Reproductive Health is one of the government programs in the socio-cultural development sector which aims to improve the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of adolescents in reproductive health (BKKBN, 2011).

According to the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey for adolescent in 2007, the knowledge of 15-24 year olds about reproductive health is still low (BPS, 2007). Study results to the population profile of adolescent (10-24 year olds) shows that there are still 2.5 per cent of people aged 7-15 years who are not / have not been to school, whereas that can not continue to pursue a higher education are 6.01 percent. Other findings of the study were 55 of 100 adolescent age group 10-14 years were married, 1 of 100 adolescents aged 10-14 years gave birth between 1-2 children alive, and 10 of 1000 adolescents aged 10-14 living divorced (BKKBN, 2011).

Community health centers as a primary health care unit and foremost in the health care system, should undertake mandatory basic six health efforts (Kemenkes RI, 2009). Adolescent health program was introduced by the community health centers since early 2000. For more than ten years, the program is much more engaged in the provision of information in the form of lectures, discussion with teens about health issues through School Health Unit (UKS), “Karang Taruna” or youth organizations/volunteers formed by the community health centers. (Depkes RI, 2008). In fact, availability solutions offer access to clinical health services among adolescents are still very poorly developed in Indonesia and access to health services for adolescents is very low. Concerns about confidentiality (privacy) and the unhappy perception of adolescent shown by the health workers further limits access to services though the services was there (PATH, 2010).

Concern about premarital sex behavior in students, especially in big cities like Jakarta in recent years is significant. A survey of high school students in Manado showed 20% of teenage boys on premarital sex and 6% among girls (Utomo dkk, 1998). However, reports of health data and information from the Ministry of Health in 2012 has not been able to show how effective health program for teens that run and managed, reports indicate only coverage program for maternal, children and toddlers age group, while the scope of programs and services for the adolescent and the elderly age gruop are very less, then this is going “missing link” in service to adolescent age group in community health centers.

A study conducted in community health centers Sitiung I Dharmasraya showed a significant association between the level of adelescent knowledge and the utilization of health care services for adolescent (PKPR), where respondents with high knowledge tend to utilize (Erwinda, 2009). Another study conducted in the Semarang city in 2009 stated that the implementation of health care programs for adolescent in the community heakth centers do not meet the criteria as a Ministry of Health determined. The contributors factors are adequate funding, facilities, personnel and lack of coordination activities, communication and bureaucratic structures (Palupi, 2009). Another study conducted in the Kediri region mentioned that there is a significant relationship between the factors of communication, resources, disposition, bureaucratic structure with program implementation for adolescent health care services in community health centers (Suhariati, 2010).

After taking everything into consideration, due to the low access to adolescent health care services and lack of published research related to the effectiveness of adolescent health care services program, the researcher is interested in knowing the effectiveness of adolescent health care services program and know the missing link potential in the running program for primary health care, case study in the community health centers subdistrict Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta.

  1. Research Question

As the capital of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta is a role model of the various health care programs, particularly in this case is the adolescent health care. According to the various problems that have been presented previously in the introduction, the researcher obtained several research questions that arise regarding the matter adolescent health care program, which is :

  1. How do the characteristics of adolescents who visited the adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru?
  2. How the perceptions of adolescents who visited the adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru?
  3. How the effectiveness of the adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru?
  4. Whether the characteristics and perceptions of adolescents who visited have a relationship with the effectiveness of the adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru?
  5. How do the characteristics of the health services provided in accordance with the age group in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru?
  6. Is there a potential missing link in the running program for primary health in community health centers?
  7. Objectives
    1. General objective :

The general objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of adolescent health care programs in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta, and determine the extent to which there is the potential missing link in primary health care at the community health centers.

  1. Specific objectives :

The specific objective of this study is to :

  1. Knowing the characteristics of adolescents who visited the adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru.
  2. Adolescents’ perceptions to visit adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru.
  3. Analyze the effectiveness of adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru.
  4. Analyzing the relationship between adolescent characteristics and perceptions of the effectiveness the adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru.
  5. Knowing the characteristics of the health services provided in accordance with the age group in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru.
  6. Knowing a potential missing link in the running program for primary health in community health centers.
  7. Research Methodology
  8. Research Design

The research will be conducted with a combination of research methods (mixed methods) between quantitative and qualitative research. Research using the combined method performed simultaneously with the aim to study complementary picture of the phenomenon under study and to strengthen the research analysis.

  1. Setting, Population and Sample

Location of the research will be carried out in community health centers, Kebayoran Baru  South Jakarta, with a population of 78 community health centers. The sampling method will be done by purposive sampling that is by making a list of existing community health centers in the region of Kebayoran Baru, then choosing the most community health centers frequented by teenagers. From the health center has been selected Researchers then select teenagers who can provide sufficient information to answer the research questions and select a sample of participants who fit the criteria specified.

South Jakarta area chosen because this area had received the Healthy City “Swasti Saba Wiwerda” in 2011 at the national level by the Ministry of Health on 14 November 2011 (Humas, 2011). The result of life expectancy in South Jakarta in 2009 was 73.3 years, and it is the highest life expectancy in Jakarta, South Jakarta also has the title as the region that has a value and the highest ranking for public health development index in 2009, in the amount of 0,655481 (Kemenkes RI, 2012). However in reality there has never been a report on the successes and contributions of the adolescent health care program in South Jakarta to the development of primary health care systems in the comprehensive of community health centers. This is ironic because basically Healthcare is a right of all people to get it.

  1. Data Collection

Type of data used in this study there are two, primary data and secondary data. Primary data obtained from the survey, which takes a sample of a population and the use of questionnaires and interview guidelines as the main data collection tool. Respondents in this study is the user of adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru, also primary data obtained through interviews with the health care provider. Another primary data used are data on user perceptions of adolescent health care program (PKPR), and the socialization of the program, the user program targeting accuracy, rapid response personnel, the environment observation methods, and in-depth interviews.

Secondary data is data obtained from multiple data sources and literature that can support while the required information in the study such as articles, books, the data on the activities of adolescent health care program in community health centers and other sources that can support the data in this study. Secondary data can also be sourced from official publications, such as the publication of the District Office Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Health Office, Ministry of Health etc.

  1. Data Analysis
    1. Descriptive Statistics

To identify the characteristics of respondents and to determine user perceptions are using descriptive analysis. Characteristics of respondents can be seen from the user’s age, gender, income, education. Data are given a score each answer of the respondents.

Descriptive statistics were also conducted to determine the characteristics of the health services provided in accordance with the age group and a potential missing link in the running program for primary health in community health centers.

  1. Effectiveness analysis

To Analyze the effectiveness of adolescent health care program in community health centers, subdistrict Kebayoran Baru, by Subagyo (2010) effectiveness of the following formula is used :

Realization

Effectiveness Program :                   X 100%………………. (1)

Target

Noted :

Realization      : Number of activities that have been implemented

Target                         : all users of adolescent health care program

Measurements on the effectiveness program are conducted of the following variables:

  1. Input variables : officers attempt to provide an understanding of interest to teens, how to socialize the program as teenagers, precision targeting program, officer responsibilities in the implementation of the program, assessment administration officials in checking the completeness and comprehensiveness infrastructure
  2. Process variables : the response of officers to the complaint, visitor information confidential and time-friendly program with adolescents.
  3. Output variables : action on each of the issues in accordance with the needs, the completeness of the database on the number of users

After getting the degree of effectiveness of each variable, further classification is the level of effectiveness.

  1. Chi square test (χ²)

This analysis technique using associative hypothesis aimed to determine the relationship characteristics and perceptions about the effectiveness of the program. Chi square to test whether there is a relationship between the characteristics of respondents and their perceptions about the effectiveness of the program (Sugiono, 2011).

References :

Depkes RI. (2008). Pedoman pelayanan kesehatan peduli remaja di Puskesmas, 2008.

Erwinda, Wisdia Lola. (2009). Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Siswa Terhadap Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan Peduli Remaja (PKPR) di SMPN 01 Sitiung Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sitiung I Kabupaten Dhamasraya Tahun 2009.

Kemenkes RI. (2010). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2009.

Kemenkes RI. (2012). Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan tahun 2012.

Palupi, K. D. (2009). Analisis Implementasi Program Pelayanan Kesehatan Peduli Remaja (PKPR) di Puskesmas Wilayah Kota Semarang Tahun 2009. Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

PATH. (2010). Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja: Membangun Perubahan yang Bermakna. Outlook, 6, 2-7.

BKKBN. (2011). Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kependudukan. Policy Brief Seri I No.6/Pusdu-BKKBN/Desember 2011.

Subagyo, J. (2006). Metode Penelitian dalam Teori dan Praktek. Rineka Cipta.

Sugiono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Bisnis. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suhariati. (2010). Analisis Beberapa Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Implementasi Program Pelayanan Kesehatan Peduli Remaja (PKPR) di Puskesmas Wilayah Kabupaten Kediri. Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Republik Indonesia. (2002). Amandemen ke-4 Undang Undang Dasar Republik Indonesia tahun 1945.

Republik Indonesia. (2005). Undang Undang Republik Indonesia nomor 11 tahun 2005. tentang Pengesahan Kovenan tentang hak-hak ekonomi, sosial dan budaya.

United Nations. (1948). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Utomo, B., Haryanto B. Dharmaputra, D. Hartono, R. Makalew, dan J. Moran Mills. Baseline STD/HIV/Risk Behavioral Surveillance (1996). Result from the Cities of North Jakarta, Surabaya, and Manado. Jakarta: Center for Health Research University of Indonesia, the Ministry of Health RI, dan HAPP/Family Health International, 1998.

Humas. 2011. Jaksel Terima Penghargaan Kota Sehat Swasti Saba Wiwerda Tahun 2011. Retrieved by : www.selatan.jakarta.go.id

  1. 4.    Jadwal Kegiatan Kuliah :

Required Courses :

  1. Health service management (Health Insurance)
  2. Epidemiological Studies in Health System
  3. Management of Primary Health Care / Quality of Life Development Program (New Strategies)
  4. Management of Health Information
  5. Management of Environmental Health Program

Elective Courses :

  1. Health Economics
  2. Management of Training Programs
  3. Project Cycle Management in Health
  4. Socio – Economic and Cultural Perspectives in PHC
  5. Research Methodology
  6. Computer Application to Health Sciences
  7. Health Manpower Planning and Leadership Development
  8. Early Warning and Rapid Response System in Health
  9. International Health Development
  1. Thesis Seminar

Masa studi dilaksanakan selama 12 bulan mulai dari tanggal 1 September 2013 sampai dengan 31 Agustus 2014.

  1. 5.    Kebutuhan Biaya Pendidikan

Sesuai dengan brosur dari ASEAN institute for Health Development untuk Program Master of Primary Health Care Management, Mahidol University. Berikut adalah rincian biaya kuliah dan perkiraan biaya hidup :

Biaya Kuliah :

  1. Tuition Fee                                                      5,100 USD
  1. Thesis Fee                                                          500 USD
  2. Field Study                                                          700 USD
  3. Education Service and Activities Fee                800 USD
  4. Student and Social Activities Fee                       800 USD
  5. Health Insurance                                                100 USD

Biaya tambahan :

  1. Book Allowance                                                 150 USD
  2. Accommodation (250 USD x 12 Months)       3,000 USD
  3. Living Allowance (400 USD x 12 Months)       4,800 USD
  4. Miscellaneous                                                    250 USD
  1. 6.    Harapan Setelah Lulus

Sebagaimana telah saya sampaikan sebelumnya, setelah lulus saya akan mengajar di Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA dan mengamalkan berbagai pengetahuan yang saya dapat selama belajar di Mahidol University.

7 thoughts on “Contoh rencana studi LPDP

  1. Artikelnya sangat membantu sekali. Saya sehingga dapat pandangan tentang rencana studi untuk LPDP. bolehkan saya minta email ada? Salam kenal nama saya Akbar. Terimakasih

  2. Saya berencana untuk mendaftar beasiswa lpdp, Essay anda ttg peranku bagi indonesia n krs sangat bagus dan menginspirasi sekali. Dr contoh2 essay yg beredar, essay anda yg punya gaya penulisan yg sangat saya suka. Terima kasih. Tapi ada satu hal yg ingin saya tanyakan, apakah krs itu harus ada pre-proposal thesisnya atau itu hanya berlaku untuk pengajuan beasiswa keluar negeri?

    • Sejauh yang saya ketahui untuk pendaftaran master degree pre-proposal tidak selalu dibutuhkan, tapi akan sangat membantu dalam proses wawancara dengan interviewer. Semoga sukses

  3. salam hangat dan salam super mas Muhammad Bigwanto..
    saya ingin bertanya tentang pengalaman anda ketika interview LPDP, kira-kira apa saja yang dibahas dalam interview itu? dan yang paling penting apakah interviewnya menggunakan bahasa ingris atau bahasa indonesia?
    jika tidak keberatan, saya juga butuh contah esay dan studi plan anda, mohon dikirimkan ke mohazhari89@gmail.com.
    Terimkasih dan salam kenal.

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